Why Injury and Voilence are considered the major causes of Death?

Every year a huge number of people die from injuries like road traffic crashes, falls, drowning, burns, poisoning and acts of violence against oneself or others, and so on. There are 4.4 million people around the world who lost their lives causing injuries and violence. Road traffic injuries, homicide and suicide are the top five causes of death for people aged 5-29. Drowning is the sixth leading cause of death for children aged 5-14 years.
Injuries and violence are responsible for an estimated 10% of all years lived with disability and the economy, health care rate, productivity and law enforcement are badly affected by it. 684,000 deaths each year and are a growing and under-recognized public health issue.
Tens of millions more people suffer non-fatal injuries each year which lead to an emergency department and acute care visits, hospitalizations or treatment by general practitioners and often result in temporary or permanent disability and the need for long-term physical and mental health care and rehabilitation.
IMPACT: TRAUMA Death, causes injurious and violence is the full stop of lives but sometimes injurious and trauma, particularly in childhood, can increase the rate of mental health, suicide, smoking, alcohol and substances of abuse. These all factors also affect our economy and increase the crime rate as well.
Death rates of males in comparison to females are higher, almost double causing injurious, violence and trauma. About three-quarters of deaths from road traffic injuries, four-fifths of deaths from homicide, and two-thirds of deaths from war are among men. Across all ages, the three leading causes of death from injuries for males are road traffic injuries, homicide and suicide, while for females they are road traffic injuries, falls and suicide.
There are some other factors which are given below: MENTAL ILLNESS Mental health issues come from violence and Violence is an extreme form of aggression, such as assault, rape or murder. Violence has many causes, including frustration, exposure to violent media, violence in the home or neighbourhood and a tendency to see other people’s actions as hostile even when they’re not. Depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide; increased risk of cardiovascular disease; and premature mortality. SMOKING, ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCES ABUSE; CHRONIC DISEASES A lot of people suffer from injuries due to smoking and even loss of their life also. Nicotine administered by smoking experimental cigarettes produced decreases in two types of aggressive responses elicited by low and high-frequency subtractions of money which were attributed to another “person”.

The harm caused by smoking, alcohol or substances uses can be easily estimated, inadequate adult supervision of children; and broad social determinants of health such as poverty; economic and gender inequality; unemployment; a lack of safety in the built environment, including unsafe housing, schools, roads and workplaces; inadequate product safety standards and regulations; easy access to alcohol, drugs, firearms, knives and pesticides; weak social safety nets; frail criminal justice systems; and inadequate institutional policies to address injuries in a consistent and effective manner, in part due to the availability of sufficient resources. These all aspects affect every aspect of a person’s life. This can include physical and mental health, family, social life, finances, and employment. Chronic diseases can also shorten a person’s life.

These are some examples of chronic diseases:

  • ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other Dementias.
  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Cancer.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

  • Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Diabetes.
RISK FACTOR AND DETERMINANTS
The most powerful early predictors of violence at age 15 to 18 are involvement in general offences (serious, but not necessarily violent, criminal acts) and substance use. Moderate factors are being male, aggressiveness, low family socioeconomic status/poverty, and antisocial parents.
These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.
PREVENTION
Violence against people is increasing day by day and everyone should be aware of how we can prevent death and fatal injurious cause violence.
Prevention is the only way to stop violence before it even occurs. It requires political commitment, implementing laws that promote gender equality, investing in women’s organizations, and addressing the multiple forms of discrimination women face daily.
Global Campaign for Violence Prevention (GCVP)
The target audience for this plan of action is the global violence prevention community, including United Nations (UN) Member States, UN agencies, official development assistance agencies, philanthropic foundations, non-governmental organizations and researchers. For violence prevention to have a substantial impact at national and local levels requires that in addition to their own objectives, violence prevention stakeholders support efforts to achieve a few carefully selected goals that are owned by violence prevention stakeholders everywhere.

IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF LAW

Preventing injuries and violence should implement some important rules that will facilitate the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets.

According to Basic Principle 5(a) of the 1990 Basic Principles, law enforcement officials must also ensure that “assistance and medical aid are rendered to any injured or affected persons at the earliest possible moment”.

The general principles of use of force in law enforcement

  • The principle of necessity
  • The principle of proportionality
  • The principle of precaution

Injuries and violence place a massive burden on national economies, costing countries billions of US dollars each year in health care, lost productivity and law enforcement.

IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF LAW

Violence prevention: the evidence

  • LIVE LIFE: suicide prevention implementation package
  • Save LIVES: a road safety technical package
  • SAFER: a world free from alcohol-related harms.
    According to Wikipedia WHO works with countries to promote public awareness and build political commitment to address the magnitude and preventability of violence and injuries through the development and dissemination of publications and advocacy materials to general audiences and policymakers.

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